Ghana Police Ranks and Salary Structure -Security is an important aspect of any economy in the world. Meanwhile, the police are the main pillar of this sector. Police ensure that the security of lives as well as properties of the inhabitants of a country.
The Ghanaian police service is no different from what is obtainable across the world. Meanwhile, the Ghana police service is an agency under the control of the Ghanaian ministry of interior. The agency has the responsibility of regulating as well as organizing all policing activity in the country.
So if you want to know about the Ghana Police service ranks and salary structure, you are the right place. Read and understand this post carefully as all you need is here.
Table of Contents
About Ghana Police
The Ghana Police Service was a brainchild of the British Colonial Authorities in the year 1894. However, back then it was known as Gold Coast Police Service.
After independence in 1957, there was a change of name of the Police body from the Gold Coast Police Service as it is known for years to the Ghana Police Service.
The Ghana Police Service has twelve divisions, with ten of these divisions covering the entire ten states in the country. The agency also focuses on the high activity areas such as seaport and the industrial hub of Tema, with a division assigned to both areas.
Meanwhile, the Twelveth division is the Railways, Ports as well as Harbors Division. A special police division known as the Marine Police Unit (MPU) came on board in the year 2011 to ensure that there is enough security for the country’s offshore oil and gas industry.
Units in the Ghana Police Force
The Ghana Police Service regional divisions have some special police units. These units are under the control of the Regional Commander and are as follows:
- Motor Transport and Traffic Unit (MTTU)
- Highway Patrol Unit (HPU)
- Public Affairs Directorate (PAD)
- Courts and Prosecution
- Domestic Violence and Victim Support Unit (DOVVSU)
- Rapid Deployment Force (RDF)
- National Protection Unit (NPU)
- Arms and Ammunition
- Finance Offices
- Audit Offices
- Crime Offices
- Research, Planning & ICT Offices
- Serious Fraud Unit (SFU)
- Ghana Crime Unit
- Counter-Terrorism Unit (C.T.U)
- Formed police unit (FPU)
Duties of the Ghana Police
The Ghana Police service actively performs the following duties:
- Protection of life and property
- Prevention as well as detection of any form of crime.
- Apprehension and prosecution of offenders
- Preservation of peace, tranquillity as well as good order
- Due enforcement of all laws Acts, Decrees and other regulations for which it is directly charged.
Ghana Police Ranks
Just like every other paramilitary agency across the world the Ghana Police Service has a hierarchy. The ranks are in two cadres, which are the junior officers’ cadre as well as the senior officers’ cadre.
The lowest possible ranking in the Ghana Police Service is the post of the Constable which comes after the completion of the necessary training at the police training school.
Among the junior officers, the highest-ranked officer is the Chief Inspector of police which can be attained by any Constable if he or she has successfully risen through the ranks.
Below is a list of the junior officers according to the seniority from the lowest rank to the highest.
- Lance Corporal
- Chief inspector
The most senior officer in the Ghana Police Service is the Inspector General of Police (IGP), a post which is only possible by an appointment from the office of the President.
The second most senior rank in the Ghana Police Service is the Deputy Inspector General of Police (D/IGP) while the least is the Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP).
Below is a list of the ranks of senior police officers in the Ghana Police Services from the least rank to the highest rank.
- Cadet Officer (CO)
- Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP)
- Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)
- Superintendent of Police (Supt)
- Chief superintendent of Police (C/Supt)
- Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP)
- Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCOP)
- Commissioner of Police (COP)
- Deputy inspector general of Police (D/IGP)
- Inspector-General of Police (IGP)
Cadet officers (COs) are a crop of officers who are yet to fully become senior officers and are still in the Officer Corps training at the Police Academy.
Ghana Police Service Salary Structure
In the Ghana Police Service the rank of officers is the sole determinant of their salary. Higher rank officers get a bigger pay than the lower rank officers according to the salary structure.
In the year 2010, there was the creation of a new salary structure known as the Single Spine Salary Structure (SSSS). This new salary structure ensures that the police are given a better pay than they previously earned under the former salary structure.
Under the new scheme a newly employed university graduate is in the rank of Chief Inspector of Police and can get a monthly salary of GhC1,400. While a newly recruited WASSCE result holder is placed in the rank of Constable with a monthly salary of GhC700.
Under the Single Spine Salary Structure, officers get allowances and bonuses which are based not just on ranks but also on years of service and performance.
The Requirements for Employment into the Ghana Police Service
For a graduate seeking employment into the Ghana Police service the requirements are as follows:
- The individual must be a Ghanaian citizen
- Free from any past criminal record
- Certified with a degree from an accredited Ghanaian University with a minimum grade of Second Class lower.
- Must have completed your compulsory National Service.
- The individual must not be less than 21 years or more than 28 years old at the time of applying.
- Must be in a top physical and medical condition
- Good character.
- Must possess a minimum height of 1.73m (5ft8inches) for males and 1.63m (5ft4inches) for females.
As an aspiring police officer in Ghana, you have nothing holding you back. Just visit the website of the police service in Ghana for more info. Then you can go ahead with your application.
I hope you find this post useful. Thanks for reading.